Ammonia solution is used as a general purpose cleaner for many surfaces. In addition aqueous solution of ammonium hydroxide ranging from 16% to 25% are used in the fermentation industry as a source of nitrogen for microorganisms and to adjust pH during fermentation.


This substance is widely used in the non-metal-surface treatment products, in washing & cleaning products and in metal surface treatment products.


Ammonium chloride is used as a mordant (in dyeing), as a soldering flux, as a fertilizer, and as a pickling agent; it is also used in non-metal-surface treatment products and in laboratory chemicals.Frequently it is also used in the dry battery, electroplating, plastics, food processing, and pharmaceutical industries. Ammonium chloride can be found in products that contain wood; for example: floors, furniture, and toys.


Ammonium citrate tribasic is mainly used for chemical analysis, in industry for water treatment, for metal surface cleaning (in particular petroleum pipeline cleaning), as ceramic dispersant,as auxiliary infiltration agent, as detergent material and as soil improvement agent component.Its application is also used in medical and electronics industries. Ammonium citrate tribasic is also present as chemical reagent in analytical chemistry ,for example for define the efficient phosphate in phosphate salts and fertilizer. Ammonium citrate tribasic is applied in electroplating industry for non cyanide plating complexing agent, used mostly for preparing anti rust agent in machinery industry and as buffering agent.It is widely used as emulsifier in food industry.


Ammonium fluoride is used non-metal-surface treatment products, metal surface treatment products, laboratory chemicals and semiconductors. It is widely used in the production of: chemicals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, mineral products for example plasters and cement and fabricated metal products.


Ammonium metatungstate is mostly used in industries as a raw material for the production of tungsten catalysts for a different system of reactions including oxidation, hydroxylation, hydrogenation, and polymerization.


Ammonium vanadate is used for preparation of catalysts for organic and inorganic synthesis; for the production of colours and paints as drying agents for paintings and inks.


Ammonium molybdate is used in various sectors: to decorate ceramics, in chemical analysis to find the presence of phosphates, arsenics, lead. In the chemical industry as a source of molybdenum ions. Ammonium molybdate tetrahydrate is also used as catalyst in the preparation of dehydrogenation and desulphurisation; in the fixing of metals and in electroplating.


Ammonium Oxalate is known as an ingredient in the manufacturing of explosives and metal polishing compounds. The product is widely used in the electrolytic tinning of iron and for textile dyeing. Ammonium oxalate can be used also as a reagent for the analysis of calcium, lead and the rare earth metals.


Ammonium perrhenate is used to prepare industrial catalysts, particularly for the refinement of petroleum.


Antimony trioxide is widely used as a flame retardant for rubber and plastic materials. In its pure state it is used in pharmaceutical products. In the chemical industry antimony trioxide is used as an intermediate for the preparation of metallic antimony; in the glass industry it is used to de-colourise glass, in the ceramic industry and in galvanic technology.


Arsenic trioxide is widely used in the manufacturing of glass and glass products. In addition, arsenic trioxide is also used in pigments, ceramic glazes, herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, rodenticides, antineoplastic drugs, and growth inhibitors. It is also found in dyeing fabrics, as a mordant, for preserving hides and even for the preservation of wood.


Barium selenite is a raw material for coloration and decoloration of glass and if it is used in large quantities produces glass with a high index of refraction.


Benzotriazole is used as an anti-oxidant for industrial lubrificants and fluids. Benzotriazole is also used as corrosion inhibitor of Copper and Copper alloys.


Bismuth citrate is used in washing & cleaning products, in cosmetics and personal care products and also in laboratory chemicals. Bismuth citrate can be found also in paper-based product; for example: books, magazines and wallpapers.


Bismuth trioxide is a raw material for the ceramic, glass and electrotechnical sector.


Butylated hydroxytoluene is primarily used as a food additive that exploits its antioxidant properties (BHT feed grade). This product is also documented as an antioxidant additive (BHT food grade) in such diverse products as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, rubber, electrical transformer oil and embalming fluid. In the petroleum industry, where BHT echnical grade is known as the fuel additive AO-29, it also finds uses in hydraulic fluids, turbine and gear oils, and jet fuels, among other applications. BHT is also used to prevent peroxide formation in diethyl ether and other laboratory chemicals. Some additive products contain BHT as their primary ingredient, while others contain the chemical merely as a component of their formulation.


Cadmium carbonate is the raw material for the production of pigments for ceramic and frits.


Cadmium is used for metal products, electrical/electronic products and optical equipment, chemicals, and metals. It is also utilized as an intermediate for pigments: for plastics, glass, ceramics and paints and also for printing and dyeing textiles. Cadmium is used for the production of Nickel-cadmium batteries, in electrical batteries, accumulators, and vehicles.


Cadmium oxide is mainly used in the ceramic industry as a pigment or as a catalyst in the dehydrogenation reactions of alcohol. Cadmium oxide is used as an additive in electrolytic baths.


Cadmium sulphide is a pigment widely used for painting, colouring soap, fabrics and paper. Bright yellow cadmium sulphide is a fluorescent pigment.


Calcium iodate is used in animal husbandry and pharmacology. Lautarite is used as a dough conditioner. Calcium iodate is an oxidant, hence it is added to lotions and ointments as an antiseptic and deodorant. It can also be used as an iodine supplement in chicken feed.


Chrome oxide green is used as raw material in the preparation of pigments for porcelain plastic cements and refractory products. It is used as catalyst in the chemical industry.


Cobalt acetate tetrahydrate is used in the preparation of paints and in the electronic industry for anodizing and as catalyst.


Cobalt carbonate is used as a microelement in the zootechnical Industry, as raw material in the production of pigments and as catalysts.


Cobalt chloride hexahydrate is a raw material for catalysts and for production of pigments for ceramics. It is also used for the metal surface treatment industry.


Cobaltous hydroxide is used in battieries, catalysts, metallic soaps, paint driers, pigments.



Cobalt nitrate is used in metal surface treatment, ceramics and as catalyst.


Cobalt oxide is mainly used as a pigment for colouring glass and frits. Sometimes also used as catalyst or as a source for metallic cobalt.


In its powder state, cobalt is used to produce hard synthesized metals and magnets.


The cobalt sulphate is used as a raw material for catalysts and as raw material in the chemical industry. Cobalt sulfate is widely used in electroplating industry and it is also used in the production of ceramic pigments.


The cobalt sulphate feed grade is used as a micro element for the zootechnical Industry


Copper carbonate is used as raw material in the electroplating and agricultural industries. Copper carbonate is also used for the production of pigments and as raw material used in wood protective formulations.


Copper chloride is used as a catalyst for organic synthesis.


The most important use of copper chloride solution is in scientific research and development.


Copper hydroxide is used as a catalyst and for the metal surface treatment. Copper hydroxide is also used for the production of pigments for paper colouring.


Copper iodide is used as catalyst in the galvanic industry


Copper iodide is used as a raw material for catalysts and in particular is used as a catalyst for galvanic industry .


Raw material for acid Cu-baths as an alternative for Copper sulphate. Mainly used for reel-to-reel applications.


Cupric oxide is applied in different markets: FEED industry as oligo-element, catalyst, raw material for pigments and metal surface treatment.


Copper sulfate is used as a raw material for agricultural industry, for metal surface treatment and as raw material for welding. Copper sulphate 'electronic grade' is widely used in electroplating baths of high-purity copper plating.


Clippings of electrolytic copper are used in the galvanic industry.


The product scope is metal surface treatment. Fluoboric acid 50% is used as an electrolyte in galvanic cell oxygen sensor systems. The solution of fluoboric acid is widely used because the product is able to dissolve lead (II) oxide from the anode in the form of lead tetrafluoroborate precisely because it leaves the rest of the system unchanged. The product is also used as etching agent in the production of printed circuits and electronic components.


Hexafluorozinconium is used in the phosphating process for metal plating. This product is an alternative product to the use of nickel in this process because nickel is subject to environmental regulation. Hexafluorozinconium acid reduces considerably the formation of sludge byproducts compared to zinc-phosphate-based systems and it also can be plugged into production lines easily, with little or no modifications. Hexafluorozinconium acid is the preferred choice when replacing zinc-phosphate ahead of an electrocoat painting system.


Indium sulfamate is used for electroplating and for other special applications thanks to the high current densities that can be applied.


Indium sulfate is a raw material used for metal surface treatment.


Indium trichloride is used for metal surface treatment.


Iodine is used in medicines to treat thyroid disorders, it is also udes as an parasiticide.


Ferric ammonium citrate red is used in the medical and veterinary fields.


Lactic acid is used in the tanning industry and in the food industry to acidulate fruit juices, beer, preserves. Lactic acid is used in the synthetic resin industry to synthezise polyester resins and is also used in the pharmaceutical industry.




Lithium acetate is used as a catalyst for organic reactions.


Lithium fluoride is used as fluxes for welding and soldering techniques. it is also used as fluxing agent for the glass , ceramics and enamel industries. It is a raw material for optical lenses and prisms.


Lithium hydroxide is used for production of lithium salts; as a catalyst in esterification reactions and for the preparation of alkaline batteries.


Lithium is used in the nuclear field, in the pharmaceutical industry, in the glass and ceramics industry.




Malonic acid is used in pharmaceutical industry, mostly in the form of its diethyl ester in organic synthesis, in particular for the production of barbiturates and vitamins of the B complex. Propanedioic acid is employed in electronic industry, for special solvents, in polymer cross-linking and in metal surface treatment.


Manganese acetate tetrahydrate is used in the textile industry, in the chemical industry as a catalyst and as a raw material for water treatment.


Manganese carbonate is used for metal surface treatment, for preparation of other manganese salts and in the welding industry.


Manganese oxide is used as a raw material for preparation of other salts and compounds based on manganese.


Mercury is used mainly for the production of thermometers, barometers, manometers,sphygmomanometers, some electrical switches,mercury vapor lamps,amalgam dental restorations and precious metal extraction.


Methanesulfonic acid is used as a raw material for galvanic baths and as a catalyst in the chemical industry


Methane disulfonic acid is a catalyst and it is used in order to prevent corrosion. Dipotassium methanedisulphonate can also increase cathode current efficiency and refine deposit.


Pure molybdenum disulphide is used as additive for lubricants.


Molybdenum trioxide is used as a catalyst for desulphurisation reactions and as raw material for production of pigments in the ceramic industry and for the production of frits



Mainly used in the aluminium anodization industry and as a catalyst in different chemical processes.


Nickel hydroxycarbonate paste is used for applications such as plating and as a catalyst


Nickel carbonate, after reduction with hydrogen, is used as a catalyst.


Nickel chloride is a fundamental element of many galvanic baths; it is also used for constructing anti-gas makes.


Widely used as a catalyst and as a raw material for cold-sealing during aluminium anodisation.


Nickel hydroxide is used to produce other nickel salts.


Nickel hydroxycarbonate is an intermediate used to produce nickel metal powder or other nickel salts. Another major use is the intermediate use as precursor in the nickel catalysts. Nickel hydroxycarbonate can also be used in nickel plating solutions, as pH regulator or in the composition of of tri-cation phosphating baths.


Nickel cathode is used in electrolytic nickel plating where nickel ions are deposited on the material to nickel for protection purposes.


Nickel cathode is used in electrolytic nickel plating where nickel ions are deposited on the material to nickel for protection purposes.


Nickel cathode is used in electrolytic nickel plating where nickel ions are deposited on the material to nickel for protection purposes.


Nickel cathode is used in electrolytic nickel plating where nickel ions are deposited on the material to nickel for protection purposes.


Nickel nitrate is used to prepare nickel catalysts for hydrogenation reactions of organic derivatives.



Raw material for the battery industry as well for ceramics and fritts.


Used as a catalyst in numerous chemical reactions, welding, powder metallurgy and in magnets manufacturing.




Nickel sulphate is used in nickel-plating and to produce catalysts for the hydrogenation of greases.


Nickel sulphate is used for nickel-plating and for the production of catalysts for the hydrogenation of greases.


Nickel sulphate solution is widely used in electroplating sector.


Nickel oxide is used for the preparation of ferrites, pigments, for ceramic and frits


Niobium pentoxide is mainly used in the optical industry, but also the pigment industry and catalyst industry. Niobium is used for the production of superconductors and ferroalloys and also in the industry of electronic capacitors.


Oxygen free copper clippings are used in the galvanic industry.


Sodium persulfate is used as raw material for the cosmetic industry and as a mordant for the textile industry. Sodium persulfate is also used for metal surface treatment and for polymers production.


Phosphomolybdic acid is used as raw material for catalyst and in addition is used as a reagent in thin layer chromatography for staining phenolics, hydrocarbon waxes, alkaloids and steroids.


Clippings of phosphorized copper are used in the galvanic industry.



Potassium gold cyanide is used in electroplating and in photography. This metal is widely used in organic synthesis for the preparation of nitriles and carboxylic acids. Potassium gold cyanide is also largely utilized in the extraction of gold and silver from ores and also as a fumigant and insecticide.


Potassium iodate is used as an additive in the food industry and as a laboratory reagent .


Potassium iodide is used as a reagent in the Photographic industry (potassium iodide ACS), as Oligo-elements for zootechnical application (potassium iodide feed grade), as raw material in the pharmaceutical industry (potassium iodide USP), it is also used for the production of plastic polymers (potassium iodide USP flakes).


Potassium iodide is used as a reactive in analytical chemistry, as an expectorant and to treat tuberculosis in medicine.



Potassium metavanadate is used as raw material for catalysts, as well as raw material for agriculture and pigments.


Potassium stannate is used in the production of tin based chemicals for the stabilization of the peroxides and in the tin surface treatment.



PPS-OH is used to formulate brightener additives employed in the electroplating industry, especially as a nickel plating intermediate.


PVP iodine is used as antiseptic, disinfectant for external use.


Rhenium is used in the production of cobalt, tungsten and nickel based metal superalloys, particularly in the aerospace industry.


Selenium dioxide is used as a catalyst and as a raw material for electroplating industry.


Selenium powder is widely used in the electronic, ceramic and glass industries.


Selenium powder is widely used in the electronic, ceramic and glass industries.



Silicon carbide is mainly used as an abrasive for processing metallic materials. For its hardness silicon carbide is suitable for using in a variety of industries.


Silicotungstic acid is used as raw material for catalysts and in specific case is used to manufacture ethyl acetate by the alkylation of acetic acid by ethylene.


Cyanide silver is used in the electroplating process as an electrolyte in such a way as to maintain the value of pH value not less than 8. Silver cyanide is used in plating for decorative and engineering applications. Silver cyanide is an etching agent in the production of printed circuits and electronic components.


The product is used as a chemical intermediate, as a catalyst, as a disinfectant and as a laboratory reagent. Silver Nitrate is used in photography and in the manufacturing of mirrors, inks, toner and also in pharmaceuticals. It’s possible to use silver nitrate to cauterize wounds, dye hair and color porcelain. Silver nitrate is widely used in coating products and in heat transfer fluids. Silver nitrate is used in laboratory chemicals, in metal working fluids, in paper chemicals and dyes, an also in perfumes and fragrances. It is even possible to use silver nitrate in polishes and waxes, in water softeners, during the water treatment chemicals and also in welding & soldering products. Silver nitrate is used in the manifacturing of mineral products, for example cement, in manufacturer of textile, electrical, electronic, optical equipment, paper and paper products.


Silver nitrate solution 50 % is used in photography. The solution of silver nitrate at 50% is used in manufacture of chemicals and in electronic Industry.


Used as an additive in the glass-production, catalyst, fire-retardants and as a Antimony source for other antimony compounds.



Sodium hypophosphite is used as a catalyst in different areas (acrylic polymers, electroless nickel,...)


Sodium iodate is used mainly for medicines and as disinfectant.


Sodium iodide is used as a raw material for the pharmaceutical industry and in the photographic industry, it is also used as a raw material for zootechnical application.


Sodium metaperiodate is used as a powerful oxidative substance in pharmaceutical industry. Sodium metaperiodate is also used for the cleaning of silk screens for printing.


Sodium metavanadate is used in the ceramic and pharmaceutical industry. The sodium metavanadate enters into the fertilizers formulation and it is used in the surface metal treatment. Sodium metavanadate is also used in the oil and gas,glass and pigments industries.


Sodium molybdate is used as a Oligo- element for the agricultural industry, as raw material for the metal surface treatment industry and for the pigments production.


Sodium saccharinate is used in: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and scientific research and development. Saccharin is also used for the manufacture of food products and fabricated metal products.


Used as a source of Selenium and for the glass industry.


Sodium selenite is used for colouration/decolouration of glass and it is also used in the animal feed sector.


The sodium stannate is used for the production of tin based compunds and for the stabilization of peroxides. Sodium stannate is also used for tin surface treatment.



Sodium tripolyphosphate is a fundamental component of soap, detergents and various products to soften hard water.


Sodium tungstate is used in organic chemistry as a catalyst, and also in the textile, dye and plating industries.


Solar Pme is used as a raw material for the production of polishing for nickel plating.


Sulphosalicylic acid is used for integral colour anodizing. With water it is used as a shuttle solution for the CAS assay to test for siderophore.


Tellurium dioxide is used as a catalyst for rubber and for metal surface treatment.


Tetraethylenepentamine is mostly used as an intermediate for the synthesis of coatings and auxiliaries and plastics and auxiliaries. Again, as an intermediary, TEPA is employed in the processes of synthetic rubber and rubber chemicals and for lubricants and antifreeze. TEPA is part of the auxiliary products necessary to the recovery and processing of oil, coal and natural gas. This substance is also utilized for the manufacturing of paper and paper products, wood and wood products and also in mineral products. TEPA is used in electrical, in electronic and optical equipment and also for machinery and vehicles.


used in a vast number of sectors as an intermediate for tin salts, reduction agent for pharma applications, raw material for acid Tin plating, production of Mirrors,....


Tin chloride solution is used mainly as a catalyst and a reducing agent but also in cement industry, electroplating and galvanizing. Tin chloride solution is also employed by textile, pharmaceuticals and food manufacturers.


The main industrial application of Tin dichloride dihydrate is in catalysts, metal surface treatment and as mordant for textile dyeing. Tin chloride is used in laboratory chemicals, inks and toners and also textile treatment products and dyes. Tin dichloride dihydrate is also employed as a reducing agent in the production of pigments, pharmaceuticals, sensitized paper, lubricating oil additives, organic and inorganic chemicals. Dichlorotin is also used in tinning (by means of galvanic method) and in sensitizing of glass, plastics, and other non-conductive surfaces. Tin dichloride dihydrate is used by many companies as a soldering flux, as a chemical reagent, as an organic catalyst and - in some cases - as food additive. Tin dichloride dihydrate is also used as a reducing agent to produce polymers and phosphors and also to stabilize perfumes in soaps.


Tin methanesulfonate is an aqueous solution used in the metal surface treatment. Mainly as a replacement for Tin Sulphate where high speed deposits are needed (reel-to-reel)


Stannous oxide is used for metal surface treatment; it is a raw material for production of pigments. The dominant use of stannous oxide is as a precursor in manufacturing of other, typically divalent, tin compounds or salts. Stannous oxide may also be employed as a reducing agent and in the creation of ruby glass. It has a minor use as an esterification catalyst.


Tin oxide is used as pigment in the ceramic industry.


Tin sulfate is used as a raw material for aluminum anodizing and metal surface treatment industry . Tin sulfate is also used as a raw material for the production of Tin based chemicals.


Titanium dioxide is used as raw material for production of pigments for ceramics anf frits. It is also used in other applications, for instance the production of technical pure titanium, electrical ceramics, catalysts, electric conductors and chemical intermediates.



Tungsten carbides are used for metal surface treatment and welding.


Tungsten trioxide is used as pigment in the ceramic industy.


Tungstic acid is used in the textile industry, in the production of tungsten filaments, and in the production of plastic materials and pigments.


Vanadium pentoxide is used as a catalyst for the production of sulphuric and adipic acid. Vanadium pentoxide is used a raw material for the production of ceramic pigments and frits and for coloration/decoloration of glass.


Vanadium trichloride is used as a precursor for the synthesis of other compounds based on vanadium.


Vanadium trioxide is used for the production of vanadium chloride and, more in general, it is an intermediate product for the synthesis of various compounds based on vanadium.


Vanillina is as a flavoring agent and fragrance mainly used to cover the smells, like the smell of yeast in the pastry, and to encourage the consumption of the product, especially in confectionery. It use is vast in the food industry to add flavor to baked goods (snacks), cakes and creams, ice cream. In pharmacopoeia, vanillina was used to excite the sense of hunger and then entice the individual to eat when it was in conditions of apathy towards food. Vanillina is used in the electroplating industry for the process of galvanization. Vanillina is also used in washing & cleaning products and polishes and waxes. Vanillina is used in machine wash liquids/detergents, in automotive care products, in paints and coating or adhesives.


Zinc oxide is used in the rubber industry, in dentistry and as an anti-septic for the preparation of ointments or powders. Zinc oxide is also used as a raw material for production of ceramic pigments and frits and for the agricultural sector .


Once zinc phosphate is applied to the support, it performs its action as a rust inhibitor and coating protection.


Zinc is used as a reducing agent in organic chemistry, in hydrometallurgy, as a rust-preventer in the paint industry.


Zinc selenite is a raw material for coloration and decoloration of glass.


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