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Iodine
Iodine is one of the rarest non-metallic elements and is not naturally found in the liberal state but combined to other elements, it is present in rocks, soil and water and is essential for plants and animals. Iodine occurs in the form of brown-black granules or flakes with a metallic shine and has a very distinctive odour. Iodine vapours cause inflammation to mucous membranes and, depending on the concentration, may cause lacrimation, conjunctivitis, and inflammation of the respiratory system. In medicine, iodine is used to treat thyroid disorders or in ointments as an anti-septic and parasiticide. In Italy, Todini distributes Iodine and its simple salts in the animal husbandry, agricultural, pharmaceutical and industrial sectors.

1

Calcium iodate is used in animal husbandry and pharmacology. Lautarite is used as a dough conditioner. Calcium iodate is an oxidant, hence it is added to lotions and ointments as an antiseptic and deodorant. It can also be used as an iodine supplement in chicken feed.


2

Iodine is used in medicines to treat thyroid disorders, it is also udes as an parasiticide.


3

Potassium iodate is used as an additive in the food industry and as a laboratory reagent .


4

Potassium iodide is used as a reactive in analytical chemistry, as an expectorant and to treat tuberculosis in medicine.



6

Potassium iodide is used as a reagent in the Photographic industry (potassium iodide ACS), as Oligo-elements for zootechnical application (potassium iodide feed grade), as raw material in the pharmaceutical industry (potassium iodide USP), it is also used for the production of plastic polymers (potassium iodide USP flakes).


7

PVP iodine is used as antiseptic, disinfectant for external use.


8

Copper iodide is used as a raw material for catalysts and in particular is used as a catalyst for galvanic industry .


9

Sodium iodate is used mainly for medicines and as disinfectant.


10

Sodium iodide is used as a raw material for the pharmaceutical industry and in the photographic industry, it is also used as a raw material for zootechnical application.


11

Sodium metaperiodate is used as a powerful oxidative substance in pharmaceutical industry. Sodium metaperiodate is also used for the cleaning of silk screens for printing.


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