Iodine

Iodine is one of the rarest non-metallic elements and is not naturally found in the liberal state but combined with other elements, it is present in rocks, soil, water and is essential for plants and animals. Iodine occurs in the form of brown-black granules or flakes with a metallic shine and has a very distinctive odor. Iodine vapors cause inflammation to mucous membranes and, depending on the concentration, may cause lacrimation, conjunctivitis, and inflammation of the respiratory system. In medicine, iodine is used to treat thyroid disorders or in ointments as an anti-septic and anti-parasiticide. Todini Chemicals distributes Iodine and its simple salts in the animal husbandry, agricultural, pharmaceutical and industrial sectors.

Calcium Iodate Anhydrous

I

  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7789-80-2
  • Formula Ca(IO3)2

Calcium iodate (also called lautarite) is a compound of calcium and iodate anion. It may be formed by the anodic oxidation of calcium iodide or by passing chlorine into a hot solution of lime in which iodine has been dissolved.

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Iodine Prills

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7753-56-2
  • Formula I2

In nature, iodine is found in many rocks, in the soil and in the sea water; it is a vital element for vegetables and animals. It is interesting to note that sea water contains 0.025mg to 0.05 mg of iodine per litre. It is interesting to note that iodine vapours cause irritation to the mucous membranes leading to conjunctivitis and inflammation of the respiratory system.

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Potassium Iodate

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7758-05-6
  • Formula KIO3

Potassium iodate on contact with flames turns a typical purplish colour indicating the presence of potassium;

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Potassium Iodide ACS

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7681-11-0
  • Formula KI

Potassium iodide occurs as cube shaped crystals or as a powder; after long-term exposure to the air, it turns yellow and gives off iodine. Potassium iodide is soluble in water, ethyl alcohol and methanol; it is essentially used as a reactive in analytical chemistry, in medicine as an expectorant and to cure tuberculosis.

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Potassium Iodide Feed

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7681-11-0
  • Formula KI

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Potassium Iodide

I

  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7681-11-0
  • Formula KI

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Pvp Iodine

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 10025-82-8
  • Formula C6H9NOnxl

Povidone-iodine (PVP-I) is a stable chemical complex of polyvinylpyrrolidone (povidone, PVP) and elemental iodine. It contains from 9.0% to 12.0% available iodine, calculated on a dry basis. This unique complex was discovered at the Industrial Toxicology Laboratories in Philadelphia by H. A. Shelanski and M. V. Shelanski. They carried out tests in vitro to demonstrate anti-bacterial activity, and found that the complex was less toxic than tincture of iodine in mice. Human clinical trials showed the product to be superior to other iodine formulations. It was first sold in 1955, and has since become the universally preferred iodine antiseptic.

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Copper Iodide

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7681-65-4
  • Formula Cul

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Sodium Iodate

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7681-55-2
  • Formula NaIO3

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Sodium Iodide

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7681-82-5
  • Formula NaI

Sodium iodide occurs as cubic crystals or as a crystalline powder that turn yellow on exposure to air or light following the development of iodine. Sodium iodide is very soluble in water and also in many organic solvents like aliphatic alcohols or benzyl alcohol and glycerine; it turns a typical yellow colour when it comes into contact with fire. Sodium iodide is fundamental in medicine to treat thyroid disorders; it is well tolerated and not very irritating to the stomach.

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Sodium Metaperiodate

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  • Family I (Iodine)
  • CAS registry number 7790-28-5
  • Formula NaIO4

Sodium metaperiodate can be isolated from the oxidation of sodium iodide with sodium hypochlorite and is best recrystallized from nitric acid. However, electrochemistry offers an easier alternative.

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