« Chromium

Other Chemicals
Besides the metal derivatives present in the site, Todini's list of products distributed has been integrated with salts and oxides of other minor metals and with some organic products requested by its clientele made possible by a network of partnerships with producers all over the world. The products listed here are only some of the most requested.

1

Niobium pentoxide is mainly used in the optical industry, but also the pigment industry and catalyst industry. Niobium is used for the production of superconductors and ferroalloys and also in the industry of electronic capacitors.


2

Rhenium is used in the production of cobalt, tungsten and nickel based metal superalloys, particularly in the aerospace industry.


3

Vanillina is as a flavoring agent and fragrance mainly used to cover the smells, like the smell of yeast in the pastry, and to encourage the consumption of the product, especially in confectionery. It use is vast in the food industry to add flavor to baked goods (snacks), cakes and creams, ice cream. In pharmacopoeia, vanillina was used to excite the sense of hunger and then entice the individual to eat when it was in conditions of apathy towards food. Vanillina is used in the electroplating industry for the process of galvanization. Vanillina is also used in washing & cleaning products and polishes and waxes. Vanillina is used in machine wash liquids/detergents, in automotive care products, in paints and coating or adhesives.


4

Bismuth citrate is used in washing & cleaning products, in cosmetics and personal care products and also in laboratory chemicals. Bismuth citrate can be found also in paper-based product; for example: books, magazines and wallpapers.


5

Hexafluorozinconium is used in the phosphating process for metal plating. This product is an alternative product to the use of nickel in this process because nickel is subject to environmental regulation. Hexafluorozinconium acid reduces considerably the formation of sludge byproducts compared to zinc-phosphate-based systems and it also can be plugged into production lines easily, with little or no modifications. Hexafluorozinconium acid is the preferred choice when replacing zinc-phosphate ahead of an electrocoat painting system.


6

The product scope is metal surface treatment. Fluoboric acid 50% is used as an electrolyte in galvanic cell oxygen sensor systems. The solution of fluoboric acid is widely used because the product is able to dissolve lead (II) oxide from the anode in the form of lead tetrafluoroborate precisely because it leaves the rest of the system unchanged. The product is also used as etching agent in the production of printed circuits and electronic components.


7

Cyanide silver is used in the electroplating process as an electrolyte in such a way as to maintain the value of pH value not less than 8. Silver cyanide is used in plating for decorative and engineering applications. Silver cyanide is an etching agent in the production of printed circuits and electronic components.


8

Silver nitrate solution 50 % is used in photography. The solution of silver nitrate at 50% is used in manufacture of chemicals and in electronic Industry.


9

PPS-OH is used to formulate brightener additives employed in the electroplating industry, especially as a nickel plating intermediate.


10

The product is used as a chemical intermediate, as a catalyst, as a disinfectant and as a laboratory reagent. Silver Nitrate is used in photography and in the manufacturing of mirrors, inks, toner and also in pharmaceuticals. It’s possible to use silver nitrate to cauterize wounds, dye hair and color porcelain. Silver nitrate is widely used in coating products and in heat transfer fluids. Silver nitrate is used in laboratory chemicals, in metal working fluids, in paper chemicals and dyes, an also in perfumes and fragrances. It is even possible to use silver nitrate in polishes and waxes, in water softeners, during the water treatment chemicals and also in welding & soldering products. Silver nitrate is used in the manifacturing of mineral products, for example cement, in manufacturer of textile, electrical, electronic, optical equipment, paper and paper products.


11

Sodium saccharinate is used in: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and scientific research and development. Saccharin is also used for the manufacture of food products and fabricated metal products.


12

Silicotungstic acid is used as raw material for catalysts and in specific case is used to manufacture ethyl acetate by the alkylation of acetic acid by ethylene.



14

Phosphotungstic acid is used as raw material for catalysts.


15

Phosphomolybdic acid is used as raw material for catalyst and in addition is used as a reagent in thin layer chromatography for staining phenolics, hydrocarbon waxes, alkaloids and steroids.


16

Tetraethylenepentamine is mostly used as an intermediate for the synthesis of coatings and auxiliaries and plastics and auxiliaries. Again, as an intermediary, TEPA is employed in the processes of synthetic rubber and rubber chemicals and for lubricants and antifreeze. TEPA is part of the auxiliary products necessary to the recovery and processing of oil, coal and natural gas. This substance is also utilized for the manufacturing of paper and paper products, wood and wood products and also in mineral products. TEPA is used in electrical, in electronic and optical equipment and also for machinery and vehicles.


17

Arsenic trioxide is widely used in the manufacturing of glass and glass products. In addition, arsenic trioxide is also used in pigments, ceramic glazes, herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, rodenticides, antineoplastic drugs, and growth inhibitors. It is also found in dyeing fabrics, as a mordant, for preserving hides and even for the preservation of wood.


18

Cadmium is used for metal products, electrical/electronic products and optical equipment, chemicals, and metals. It is also utilized as an intermediate for pigments: for plastics, glass, ceramics and paints and also for printing and dyeing textiles. Cadmium is used for the production of Nickel-cadmium batteries, in electrical batteries, accumulators, and vehicles.


19

Malonic acid is used in pharmaceutical industry, mostly in the form of its diethyl ester in organic synthesis, in particular for the production of barbiturates and vitamins of the B complex. Propanedioic acid is employed in electronic industry, for special solvents, in polymer cross-linking and in metal surface treatment.


20

Potassium gold cyanide is used in electroplating and in photography. This metal is widely used in organic synthesis for the preparation of nitriles and carboxylic acids. Potassium gold cyanide is also largely utilized in the extraction of gold and silver from ores and also as a fumigant and insecticide.


21

Indium sulfamate is used for electroplating and for other special applications thanks to the high current densities that can be applied.


22

Ammonia solution is used as a general purpose cleaner for many surfaces. In addition aqueous solution of ammonium hydroxide ranging from 16% to 25% are used in the fermentation industry as a source of nitrogen for microorganisms and to adjust pH during fermentation.


23

This substance is widely used in the non-metal-surface treatment products, in washing & cleaning products and in metal surface treatment products.


24

Ammonium citrate tribasic is mainly used for chemical analysis, in industry for water treatment, for metal surface cleaning (in particular petroleum pipeline cleaning), as ceramic dispersant,as auxiliary infiltration agent, as detergent material and as soil improvement agent component.Its application is also used in medical and electronics industries. Ammonium citrate tribasic is also present as chemical reagent in analytical chemistry ,for example for define the efficient phosphate in phosphate salts and fertilizer. Ammonium citrate tribasic is applied in electroplating industry for non cyanide plating complexing agent, used mostly for preparing anti rust agent in machinery industry and as buffering agent.It is widely used as emulsifier in food industry.


25

Ammonium chloride is used as a mordant (in dyeing), as a soldering flux, as a fertilizer, and as a pickling agent; it is also used in non-metal-surface treatment products and in laboratory chemicals.Frequently it is also used in the dry battery, electroplating, plastics, food processing, and pharmaceutical industries. Ammonium chloride can be found in products that contain wood; for example: floors, furniture, and toys.


26

Ammonium fluoride is used non-metal-surface treatment products, metal surface treatment products, laboratory chemicals and semiconductors. It is widely used in the production of: chemicals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, mineral products for example plasters and cement and fabricated metal products.


27

Ammonium metatungstate is mostly used in industries as a raw material for the production of tungsten catalysts for a different system of reactions including oxidation, hydroxylation, hydrogenation, and polymerization.


28

Ammonium Oxalate is known as an ingredient in the manufacturing of explosives and metal polishing compounds. The product is widely used in the electrolytic tinning of iron and for textile dyeing. Ammonium oxalate can be used also as a reagent for the analysis of calcium, lead and the rare earth metals.


29

Benzotriazole is used as an anti-oxidant for industrial lubrificants and fluids. Benzotriazole is also used as corrosion inhibitor of Copper and Copper alloys.


30

Sulphosalicylic acid is used for integral colour anodizing. With water it is used as a shuttle solution for the CAS assay to test for siderophore.


31

Lactic acid is used in the tanning industry and in the food industry to acidulate fruit juices, beer, preserves. Lactic acid is used in the synthetic resin industry to synthezise polyester resins and is also used in the pharmaceutical industry.


32

Methanesulfonic acid is used as a raw material for galvanic baths and as a catalyst in the chemical industry


33

Tungstic acid is used in the textile industry, in the production of tungsten filaments, and in the production of plastic materials and pigments.


34

Butylated hydroxytoluene is primarily used as a food additive that exploits its antioxidant properties (BHT feed grade). This product is also documented as an antioxidant additive (BHT food grade) in such diverse products as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, rubber, electrical transformer oil and embalming fluid. In the petroleum industry, where BHT echnical grade is known as the fuel additive AO-29, it also finds uses in hydraulic fluids, turbine and gear oils, and jet fuels, among other applications. BHT is also used to prevent peroxide formation in diethyl ether and other laboratory chemicals. Some additive products contain BHT as their primary ingredient, while others contain the chemical merely as a component of their formulation.


35

Bismuth trioxide is a raw material for the ceramic, glass and electrotechnical sector.


36

Cadmium carbonate is the raw material for the production of pigments for ceramic and frits.


37

Cadmium oxide is mainly used in the ceramic industry as a pigment or as a catalyst in the dehydrogenation reactions of alcohol. Cadmium oxide is used as an additive in electrolytic baths.


38

Cadmium sulphide is a pigment widely used for painting, colouring soap, fabrics and paper. Bright yellow cadmium sulphide is a fluorescent pigment.


39

Tungsten carbides are used for metal surface treatment and welding.


40

Silicon carbide is mainly used as an abrasive for processing metallic materials. For its hardness silicon carbide is suitable for using in a variety of industries.


41

Ferric ammonium citrate red is used in the medical and veterinary fields.


42

Indium sulfate is a raw material used for metal surface treatment.


43

Manganese acetate tetrahydrate is used in the textile industry, in the chemical industry as a catalyst and as a raw material for water treatment.


44

Manganese carbonate is used for metal surface treatment, for preparation of other manganese salts and in the welding industry.


45

Manganese oxide is used as a raw material for preparation of other salts and compounds based on manganese.


46

Mercury is used mainly for the production of thermometers, barometers, manometers,sphygmomanometers, some electrical switches,mercury vapor lamps,amalgam dental restorations and precious metal extraction.






51

Sodium hypophosphite is used as a catalyst in different areas (acrylic polymers, electroless nickel,...)


52

Sodium persulfate is used as raw material for the cosmetic industry and as a mordant for the textile industry. Sodium persulfate is also used for metal surface treatment and for polymers production.


53

Sodium tellurite is used in metal surface treatment.


54

Sodium tripolyphosphate is a fundamental component of soap, detergents and various products to soften hard water.


55

Sodium tungstate is used in organic chemistry as a catalyst, and also in the textile, dye and plating industries.


56

Solar Pme is used as a raw material for the production of polishing for nickel plating.


57

Tellurium dioxide is used as a catalyst for rubber and for metal surface treatment.


58

Once zinc phosphate is applied to the support, it performs its action as a rust inhibitor and coating protection.


59

Titanium dioxide is used as raw material for production of pigments for ceramics anf frits. It is also used in other applications, for instance the production of technical pure titanium, electrical ceramics, catalysts, electric conductors and chemical intermediates.



61

Tungsten trioxide is used as pigment in the ceramic industy.


62

Zinc oxide is used in the rubber industry, in dentistry and as an anti-septic for the preparation of ointments or powders. Zinc oxide is also used as a raw material for production of ceramic pigments and frits and for the agricultural sector .


63

Zinc is used as a reducing agent in organic chemistry, in hydrometallurgy, as a rust-preventer in the paint industry.


64

Indium trichloride is used for metal surface treatment.


65

Ammonium perrhenate is used to prepare industrial catalysts, particularly for the refinement of petroleum.


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